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Alesia, 52 BC

Door Frederic Bey

Alesia, 52 BC
RubriekKlassieke Oudheid
TitelAlesia, 52 BC. The Victory of Roman Organization
AuteurBey, Frederic
UitgeverijHistoire & Collections
Jaar van uitgave2011
Samenvatting The Romans had been at odds with the Gauls for a very long time indeed. Somewhere between 390 and 386 BC, a Senoni warchief called Brennus managed to capture Rome and ransom the city with his famous Vae Victis. The Urbs was then a city whose authority was only relative. Nonetheless, the sack of Latium's capital, highlighted by Livy in his History of Rome, helped to forge a centuries old loathing between the Romans, ashamed of being forced to capitulate to Brennus, and the Gauls, insolently proud of their triumph. The next step was part of the competition between theGreat Powers' of that period. Independent Gaul was implicated in the global expansionist process of Roman might, which took place throughout the whole of the Mediterranean basin. Finally more pragmatically, Gaul merely became a political pawn in the hands of the triumvirs Pompey, Crassus and Caesar after they took over control of the Republic at the end of its decline, from the 60s BC onwards. It was therefore as a victim of what was at stake quite outside its control that Gaul so dramatically became part of Julius Caesar's political strategy. Alesia was the final manifestation of this deep mistrust between two peoples.
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